[The management response specifies the reaction to the recommendation and highlights key issues raised and steps UN Women will take.]
The evaluation correctly identifies the need for UN Women to redesign its regional WPP program so that it can be continuous (3-5 years) and seek to address strategic issues. The four thematic areas identified are relevant in the framework of women’s political participation. The point on training of female leaders should however comprise the training of newly elected women (women parliamentarians or women elected at the local level). Another key recommendation would also be preventing political violence against women as women candidates are increasingly targets of gender-based violence, which preclude them from participating fully in the electoral process.
Existing regional frameworks including the Maputo Protocol as well as ECOWAS’ legal framework on gender equality and the African Union Agenda 2063 will keep informing regional flagship programs ( this Include , most notably: The African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (1986) and its Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol, 2003), which explicitly states that the enjoyment of such rights are to be without distinction of any kind, including sex or gender; the ECOWAS Protocol on Democracy and Good Governance (2001); and the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance (2007). The promotion of women’s rights in the zone of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is captured in the Supplementary Act on Equality of Rights between Women and Men for Sustainable Development in the ECOWAS Region, adopted by the Conference of ECOWAS Heads of State and Government in 2015.)
UN Women is currently elaborating a proposal for a four-year program on women’s political participation that will be implemented in the Central African Republic, Guinea, Liberia and Nigeria. This program targets the same areas: enhanced capacity of national stakeholders (governments, parliaments, EMBs),improved legislative practices and frameworks, increased technical capacities of women, support to civil society networks)
UN Women is also developing a broader regional Flagship targeting 13 countries in West and Central Africa to be implemented over 4 years.
UN Women acknowledges the importance of educating men and boys to support women’s leader and remains committed to continuing to advocate for capacity-building for women and to eradicate financial barriers to women’s participation in electoral processes.