Management Response

: Palestine
: 2017 - 2017 , Palestine (CO)
: Country Portfolio Evaluation
:
: Palestine
:

UN CO will take into account the results and the recommendations of the CPE into the development of the CO SN 2018-22. All recommendations are valid and will be analysed for the development of the SN.

: Approved
Recommendation: Build partnership to enhance outreach to community level
Management Response: UN will identify allies at the community level, including community leaders, women and men champions, who found unique, but replicable solutions to intractable problems and challenges with the view to cultivate partnerships to support the emerging new social norms, practices and behaviors that promote gender equality and women’s advancement.
Description: To create larger and more sustainable results, UN Women needs to engage more strongly in enhancing outreach to grassroots level through multiple pathways, including support to coalition and alliance building of CSOs and CBOs and by linking them to members of local councils.
Management Response Category: Accepted
Thematic Area: Leadership and political participation (SPs before 2018), Peace and security (SPs before 2018), Women economic empowerment (SPs before 2018), Governance and planning (SPs before 2018), Ending violence against women (SPs before 2018), Global norms and standards (SPs before 2018), Leadership and participation in governance systems (SP 2018-2021)
Operating Principles: National ownership
Organizational Priorities: Partnership
UNEG Criteria: Effectiveness, Sustainability, Impact
Key Actions
Responsible Deadline Status Comments
identify allies at the community level, including community leaders, women and men champions, who found unique, but replicable solutions to intractable problems and challenges with the view to cultivate partnerships to support the emerging new social norms, practices and behaviors that promote gender equality and women’s advancement. Programme Staff 2022/12 Ongoing During 2018, UN Women began testing the Positive Deviance Approach where members of different communities in Palestine who have positive attitudes and behaviors relevant to GEWE were identified and were provided with technical capacity and financial resources to promote GEWE within their communities. Around 150 Positive Deviants were identified during 2018 in 6 different communities and were supported to design and implement community based solutions to challenge social norms and behaviors. UN Women will continue testing the Positive Deviance Approach in 2019.
Recommendation: Adapt the approach in WEE to benefit more women
Management Response: UN Women will focus through the next planning cycle on assisting its national partners to address key structural barriers to women economic participation and to ensure women entrepreneurs have the skills, the financial resources and the partnerships to access a more equal share of the market. Through our work under this impact area we aim to contribute to the fulfilment of the SDGs 8 and 10 and in particular to promote development-oriented policies that support decent job creation, entrepreneurship, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services, achieve full and productive decent work for women, including those who belong to the marginalized groups, and progressively achieve and sustain income growth to marginalized groups.
Description: UN Women needs ensure WEE related support benefits more women; a combination of focusing on support to policy development, introducing corporate social responsibility and an incubator model is recommended.
Management Response Category: Accepted
Thematic Area: Women economic empowerment (SPs before 2018)
Operating Principles: Promoting inclusiveness/Leaving no one behind, Advocacy
Organizational Priorities: Normative Support
UNEG Criteria: Effectiveness, Efficiency, Impact
Key Actions
Responsible Deadline Status Comments
Develop TOC for WEE at the Country Level Programme Staff 2017/09 Completed
Assist national partners to address key structural barriers to women economic participation and to ensure women entrepreneurs have the skills, the financial resources and the partnerships to access a more equal share of the market. WEE Programme manager 2022/12 Ongoing During 2018, UN Women worked with 6 line ministries to assess main policy interventions required to promote women's entrepreneurship and to protect small women producers. 6 draft policy papers were produced during 2018 with focus on small producers. Work will continue in 2019 to finalize the policy papers and to draft national policy for the protection of women producers and to have incentives for them.
Recommendation: Rethink the strategy towards achieving female leadership
Management Response: UN Women's efforts on leadership will be through advancing an enabling environment for the implementation of WPS commitments in Palestine and the engagement of women and their groups in humanitarian action. This will ensure that women lead, participate in and benefit from peace and security, humanitarian action and recovery efforts.
Description: In order to give female leadership an impetus, UN Women may rethink their strategy to work with female local council members coupled with engaging male political leaders and combine this with continued support to the implementation of NAP 1325.
Management Response Category: Accepted
Thematic Area: Leadership and political participation (SPs before 2018)
Operating Principles: Advocacy
Organizational Priorities: Engaging men and boys
UNEG Criteria: Efficiency, Effectiveness, Relevance, Impact
Key Actions
Responsible Deadline Status Comments
Develop CO overall TOC UN Women Country Office Staff 2017/09 Completed
Provide the UNSC Resolution 1325 High National Committee (chaired by MoWA) and the civil society National Coalition on UNSC Resolution 1325 with institutional capacity development and technical support to implement, monitor, review, and report on the WPS commitments. WPS Programme Manager 2022/12 Ongoing UN Women supported the 1325 High National Committee (chaired by MoWA) and the civil society National Coalition on UNSC Resolution 1325 in developing a Monitoring, Reporting and Evaluation System for the National Action Plan for the Implementation of UN SC 1325 and supported MOWA in initiating the implementation of the system in 2018 as a means of an accountability framework. UN Women is currently finalizing a Project Document that will focus on the institutional capacity for the Higher National Committee and the National Coalition. Work will focus on strengthening the monitoring of the implementation of the NAP and strengthening the advocacy efforts by the National Coalition. .
Recommendation: Redefine characteristics of capacity building of MoWA
Management Response: UN Women will work on further enhancing its partnership with the Ministry of Women’s Affairs to make it more effective.
Description: The capacity building of MoWA that has taken place on a continuous basis needs to be redefined towards on-the-job coaching and tools development in specific areas.
Management Response Category: Accepted
Thematic Area: Peace and security (SPs before 2018), Women economic empowerment (SPs before 2018), Global norms and standards (SPs before 2018), Ending violence against women (SPs before 2018)
Operating Principles: Alignment with strategy, National ownership
Organizational Priorities: Partnership
UNEG Criteria: Relevance, Sustainability, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Impact
Key Actions
Responsible Deadline Status Comments
Identify Key Partnership Strategic Approach for the Upcoming SN (2018-2022) UN Women Country Staff 2017/10 Completed
Develop a LOA with MOWA to highlight the implementation mechanism for the partnership in 2018 UN Women Programme Coordinator 2018/04 Completed UN Women signed and LOA with MOWA identifying the support UN Women will provide to MOWA for the implementation of the Cross Sectoral National Gender Strategy.
Develop and implement a new approach for providing technical assistance for MOWA related to the implementation of the Cross Sectoral National Gender Strategy UN Women Programme Coordinator 2018/12 Ongoing During 2018, UN Women signed a cooperation agreement framework with MOWA for implementation of the CSNGS. The support through the agreement will focus on the institutional capacity of MOWA.
Monitor the implementation of all technical support provided to MOWA to capture lessons learned and to take corrective measure when required. UN Women National Programme Coordinator; M&R Associate 2018/12 Ongoing UN Women is in the process of assessing the support provided to MOWA in 2019 in order to capture lessons learned for the upcoming year. The UN Women Special Representative had a meeting with the Minister of MOWA and more meetings at the technical level are planned for the 1st quarter of 2019.
Recommendation: Further expansion of the holistic approach to GBV
Management Response: UN Women will support national actors to develop, reform and implement laws, policies, structures, systems, mechanisms and national strategies to promote gender equality and end violence against women and girls in alignment with international human rights standards. Additionally, UN Women with its partners seeks to ensure that victims and survivors of violence are afforded protection and remedies, and perpetrators are held accountable. To reinforce VAW prevention work, UN Women seeks to enhance the engagement and support the education and mobilization of women, girls, men and boys of all ages at the community level to promote social norms, attitudes and behaviors toward gender equality. UN Women seeks to ensure that these interventions respond to the needs of women, especially marginalized women. One of the major changes that we are planning to work on is to increasingly partner with women survivors of violence in their capacity of experts, based on the recognition of their unique expertise and solutions on eliminating violence against women and girls.
Description: UN Women needs to further expand their holistic approach for GBV survivors in collaboration with Government and other stakeholders, alongside continuing activities to increase prevention including of early marriage.
Management Response Category: Accepted
Thematic Area: Ending violence against women (SPs before 2018)
Operating Principles: Alignment with strategy, Advocacy
Organizational Priorities: Engaging men and boys, Sports, Normative Support
UNEG Criteria: Efficiency, Effectiveness, Sustainability, Relevance, Impact
Key Actions
Responsible Deadline Status Comments
Develop the Theory of Change for the Office's work on EVAW. UN Women Programmatic Staff 2018/09 Completed
Support national actors to develop, reform and implement laws, policies, structures, systems, mechanisms and national strategies to promote gender equality and end violence against women and girls in alignment with international human rights standards. EVAW Programme Managers 2022/12 Ongoing Progress was made in relation to setting an accountability framework for implementing the government’s commitments towards CEDAW; the endorsement of the Family Protection Bill by the Palestinian Government; the establishment of the Specialized Judiciary within the High Judiciary Council, and the promotion of favorable social norm and attitudes at the community level. The initial CEDAW report of the State of Palestine was discussed on 11?July 2018 with the CEDAW Committee in Geneva. The Committee has requested the State of Palestine to provide, within two years, written information on the steps taken to implement recommendations with regards to adopting a comprehensive definition of discrimination against women in national legislation, take concrete steps to accede to the Optional Protocol and publish the Convention in the Official Gazette, reunify the legal systems in the West Bank and Gaza, and finally, to?expedite the review and adoption of draft laws to ensure their compliance with the?Convention. UN Women contributed to the above through supporting the Ministry of Women Affairs (MoWA) and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) to institutionalize the CEDAW reporting process utilizing the harmonized human rights approach and enabled civil society organizations (CSOs) to actively participate in CEDAW reporting. UN Women developed the technical capacity of governmental officials on the reporting process, through on the job coaching, exchange visits, technical advice, and practical exercises including Mock Sessions. UN Women supported the CEDAW National Coalition of Women in drafting, submitting and presenting the CEDAW Shadow Report through technical support. The Report highlighted priority issues identified by the 44-strong membership coalition and was instrumental in developing the CEDAW Committee remarks and recommendations on the State of Palestine CEDAW Report. The Family Protection Bill (FPB) was endorsed by the Council of Ministries (CoM) on the 27th of December 2018. The endorsed FPB provides responsive measures to prevent and combat violence, as well as due protection, reparation, and empowerment to survivors and victims of violence. At the same time, it holds perpetrators accountable for their acts. The Bill was endorsed because of the strong advocacy of civil society organizations and women’s movements in Palestine. UN Women provided extensive support to civil society organization in advocating for the finalization and adoption of the Bill including the Forum of Palestinian NGOs to Combat Violence Against Women (Al-Muntada). Ml-Muntada launched an advocacy campaign for the finalization and endorsement of the bill in alignment with international norms and standards with the support of UN Women based on a critical analysis of the alignment of the proposed draft with international standards. Moreover, UN Women provided extensive technical expertise to the technical committee on the FPB, chaired by the CoM. The assistance included reviewing the draft Bill based on CEDAW obligations. UN Women represented the international community in the technical committee for the proposed FPB and ensured proper reflection of the international community comments and recommendations on the Bill. During 2016, the Palestinian Government formally established the Specialized Judiciary within the High Judiciary Council to manage and adjudicate VAW cases. 32 specialized judges (15 women and 17 men) were identified and received rigorous training by UN Women to enable them to provide gender responsive services to VAW cases. Because of UN Women support, the specialized judges are dealing more carefully with release orders; seriously considering the risk assessment report; refer to the international and national legal norms that support gender equality and women’s rights when managing and adjudicating VAW cases; advocate for the establishment of comprehensive services to victims of violence.
UN Women to reinforce VAW prevention work, UN Women seeks to enhance the engagement and support the education and mobilization of women, girls, men and boys of all ages at the community level to promote social norms, attitudes and behaviors toward gender equality. EVAW Programme Managers 2022/12 Ongoing During 2018, UN Women intensified its engagement with men, boys, women and girls through community based solutions for promoting gender equality and respectful relations among all members of the community. During 2018, and with the technical and financial support of UN Women, 3338 fathers, 83 mothers, 996 male university students, 38 female university students, 3383 male school students, 67 female school students, 377 men, and 40 male teachers and counselors were reached through UN Women supported actions aiming to enhance gender equality and reduce violence against women at the local level. UN Women mobilized 214 men in different parts of the West Bank and Gaza to publicly promote gender equality and advocate for eliminating violence against women. While it is too early to measure the effect of action on community’s attitudes and behaviors, there are clear sign that the action will assist in promoting favorable social norms. UN Women will continue to reach out to community members in 2019.
Recommendation: Develop a detailed communication strategy and plan
Management Response: Advocacy and communication has been considered a crucial and integral part of UN Women’s work in Palestine. We published research on gender issues, conducted a number of high-level advocacy events, and actively engaged in UN Women’s global initiatives such as International Women’s Day, 16 Days of Activism, etc. Also, it has established strategic relations with partners including public institutions, civil society organizations, human rights organizations, as well as networks to reach out at grass-roots level. Besides, it closely works with various women’s organizations to establish a team of gender equality advocates. During the period of the SN 2018-2022, UN Women Palestine will focus its advocacy and communication work on three essential areas. Firstly, it will continue to initiate and lead a diverse range of advocacy campaigns including the engagement of men and boys for gender equality. Secondly, it will increase brand positioning and visibility of UN Women’s work in Palestine through regular production of corporate information and fact sheets, and thirdly, it will incorporate Behavior Change Communication (BCC) methodology into its communication strategy to highlight positive images and roles of women and men as agents of change in the ‘new norm’ space. This will be done through actively utilizing digital platforms, social media, the CO website by presenting positive and replicable role models and champions for gender equality and women’s rights to inspire their peers and the new generation.
Description: A detailed communication strategy and plan needs to be developed, implemented and monitored. This should provide a basis for developing advocacy strategies and appropriate messages around women's rights.
Management Response Category: Accepted
Thematic Area: Ending violence against women (SPs before 2018), Women economic empowerment (SPs before 2018), Peace and security (SPs before 2018)
Operating Principles: Alignment with strategy, Advocacy, Knowledge management
Organizational Priorities: Partnership
UNEG Criteria: Relevance, Sustainability, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Impact
Key Actions
Responsible Deadline Status Comments
UN Women to initiate and lead a diverse range of advocacy campaigns including the engagement of men and boys for gender equality. Progarmme Staff 2018/03 Completed
UN Women will increase brand positioning and visibility of UN Women’s work in Palestine through regular production of corporate information and fact sheets Programme Staff 2022/12 Ongoing On February 19th, UN Women Palestine office launched the HeForShe Campaign incorporating the launch of the IMAGES MENA – Palestine report and the “Because I am a Man” regional campaign. A launching event was organized and attended by 191 participants from NGOs/INGOs (41 males, 55 females); donors (5 males, 3 females); policy makers/ government (7 males, 7 females); UN agencies (7 males, 15 females); private sector (6 males, 6 females); universities (2 males, 3 females); media (10 males, 10 females); and public (10 males, 4 females) with the participation of the UN Women Regional Director for Arab states. An International Women’s Day campaign titled “She leads the way” was launched through the collaboration of UN Women, British Consulate-General, UNESCO, UNFPA, Norwegian Representative Office to the Palestinian Authority, Italian Agency for Development Cooperation Jerusalem Office, Spanish Cooperation, Consulate General of Sweden in Jerusalem, Consulate General of Belgium in Jerusalem, and Women's Centre for Legal Aid and Counseling. More than 1,000 individuals were reached through activities highlighting women’s participation in performing arts, technology and civic engagement through art exhibitions, workshops, theatre performances, storytelling and discussion panels. Furthermore, the UN Women Office co-sponsored the only English magazine in Palestine “This Week in Palestine” March edition under the theme of International Women’s Day and published four articles, which were shared via TWiP’s website and Facebook page. 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence “#HearMeToo: Voices against Violence” campaign was launched through the collaboration of a total 23 joint partners including international organizations, donors, national NGOs and CBOs who conducted a total 20 joint activities in 12 geographical locations (Gaza, Ramallah, Aqqaba, Qalandia Refugee Camp, Kufur Jammal, Kufur Jamal, Tulkaram, Nablus, Salfit, Qalqilya, Tubas, and Tammun) and also online and through TV and Radio channels. The 20 on-site joint activities attracted about 2,000 audiences from West Bank including East Jerusalem and Gaza, while more than half of them were women. 180 Facebook posts and 32 tweets were created by joint partners reaching total 510,000 people on social media. UN Women launched its Facebook Page in 2018. The purpose of page is to share the vision of UN Women with the public at large as well as to advocate for women's human rights in Palestine.
UN Women will incorporate Behavior Change Communication (BCC) methodology into its communication strategy to highlight positive images and roles of women and men as agents of change in the ‘new norm’ space. Programme Staff 2022/12 Ongoing UN Women worked with Positive Deviants through 2018 to showcase stories of individuals who have positive attitudes and behaviors towards gender equality. 214 positive deviant men/ local champions from Gaza and the West Bank promoted publicly GE and VAWG. 15 men promoted inheritance rights of women in Khan Younis (reached 1700 men); 16 male youth promoted women political participation (reached 168 male community members in Bedu and Hizma); 15 male school students promoted sharing household work (reached 400 male students); 20 fathers and 10 male youth promoted ending early marriage in Khan Younis (reached 965 men and male youth); 16 male youth promoted sharing household work in Gaza city (reached 270 university students); 10 fathers from Khan Younis promoted sharing household work in Khan Younis (reached 240 fathers); 28 fathers from Tuqu and Dura promoted sharing responsibilities of raising children (reached 40 parents); and 60 male gender equality promotors from Gaza (15-16 years old male students) shifting perspectives of men and boys on masculinities and gender equality (reached 2153 male students).