Management Response

: Tanzania
: 2014 - 2016 , Tanzania (CO)
: Final Evaluation of the Wanawake Wanaweza Project Phase I
:
: Tanzania
:

The UN Women Tanzania ProDoc for the WLPP Phase 2 Project is based on the findings of the Final Evaluation of Phase 1. Phase 2 envisages the adoption of a long term electoral cycle approach. Apart from incorporating the below mentioned recommendations and ensuring that the scaling up of initiatives is adopted in continuation and firmly grounded on the lessons learned through interventions initiated in Phase 1, Phase 2 also takes into account some of the structural and management lessons learned. For instance, it is ensured that a comprehensive team is put in place, enabling a closer support to Responsible Parties in regards to reporting, monitoring and evaluation, as well as financial and procurement aspects. The project has also integrated a more in depth approach in regards to the capacity building of Responsible Parties, as most of these are strategic key partners, whose mandate is fundamental for the pursuit of an increased and improved political participation and leadership of women.

: Approved
Recommendation: Mapping and training of aspirants and training of candidates for 2015 elections: One of the key project strategies to increase the participation of women, youth and PWD aspirants in the electoral process was mapping and training of political aspirants and training of candidates across all political parties and regions in Tanzania. The strategy has been used previously in the 2010 elections and UN Women, learning from the previous experiences of this strategy, engaged with political parties through implementing partners to undertake this activity. Partners that have engaged with political parties previously and were adequately placed to communicate and coordinate with political parties were identified to carry out the activity. Implementing partners reached out to all the 22 registered political parties in Tanzania to procure the list of women, youth and PWD aspirants for the 2015 elections across 30 regions. The process resulted in the mapping of 1925 aspirants who were then followed up for training before elections. The training of aspirants was conducted by implementing partners that had extensive experience in the space of aspirant training. Overall, 1282 political aspirants were trained by the project. Similarly, 713 political candidates were trained for the 2015 elections that consisted of 618 women, 25 PWDs and 70 youth. Several challenges were observed during the process of mapping and training of aspirants and training of candidates. There were delays reported in procuring a list of aspirants from political parties and the list of aspirants underwent several changes and updates before finalization. During the training of aspirants, drop outs were reported across some training centres. Despite the challenges, the activity of mapping and training of aspirants and training of candidates was one of the major elements of support provided that had a positive effect on the self-confidence of women, youth and PWD trainees. Trainees felt more confident in planning their campaign, speaking out in the public and competing in a male dominated electoral processes. It is suggested that the strategy should be adapted in phase 2 of Wanawake-Wanaweza (2017-2020). The project should reflect on the geographical coverage per region, continue to identify specific needs of aspirants and candidates within each region to tailor-make training and interventions according to needs. This recommendation is drawn from the engagements of implementing partners across the 15 regions, with Mara, Lindi and Mtwara requiring more intensive training and follow-ups than other regions. It is also recommended that the project should scale up the training activity to more number of regions than phase 1. Phase 2 of the project can draw from the previous engagement of working with local government authorities (LGAs) at district, village and ward level to advocate gender and social inclusion at the grassroots. Implementing partners engaged with LGAs across Dar-es-Salaam, Kilimanjaro and Morogoro in phase 1 with successful results.
Management Response: The recommendation is very relevant and immediate action has been taken by the CO. Currently, a consultancy is being undertaken by the Department of Political Science of the University of Dar es Salaam to review the methodology for the identification and capacity strengthening of the women political aspirants. It will consist of a comprehensive consultative process with all relevant stakeholders and will take account the following aspects: - lessons learned and best practices from the previous project, as well as regional and global experiences; - a long term approach to strengthening capacities of the women political aspirants; - most effective way of covering all regions of Tanzania; - setting up of a support structure for women political aspirants to seek advice and practical support.
Description:
Management Response Category: Accepted
Thematic Area: Leadership and political participation (SPs before 2018)
Operating Principles: Capacity development, National ownership
Organizational Priorities: Operational activities
UNEG Criteria: Effectiveness, Relevance, Sustainability, Human Rights, Gender equality
Key Actions
Responsible Deadline Status Comments
Revision of the methodology for the Identification and training of women political aspirants. Erasmina Massawe - Programme Specialist for Leadership, Political Participation and Governance 2019/01 Completed The methodology for the identification and training of aspirants was revised. The next step is to implement the strategy.
Recommendation: At a policy level, UN Women provided technical and financial support to ORPP on identifying gender gaps in existing electoral laws under its mandate (Political Parties Act & Electoral Expenses Act). A major highlight in this regard was the development of Gender Equality and Social Inclusion Strategy (GESI) by ORPP that focuses on gender and socially inclusive nomination process. Similarly, the Gender and Social Inclusion Strategy was introduced by ZEC before the 2015 elections. This strategy document is a critical document as it would guide ORPP in incorporating gender and inclusiveness principles in the electoral cycle plans and strategies and it is recommended that in Phase 2, the project should capitalize on this notable achievement, and support ORPP to implement and monitoring the implementation of the recommendations. Phase 2 of the Wanawake-Wanaweza project should continue supporting the development and implementation of the elections manifesto developed by the Women’s Coalition for the Constitution and Elections. The manifesto can be used by institutions, such as the ORPP, but also by the women’s movement to advocate for greater gender equality and social inclusion within political parties, including during the party nominations. However, the monitoring of the commitments made by political parties should be intensified in the post-election period regarding whether the winning party is honouring their commitment to the implementation of the manifesto as they form a government. While ORPP has the mandate of regulating the electoral process before the election period through the Political Parties Act, Election Management Bodies (EMBs) have the mandate of electoral regulation during elections. As noted in several studies, the past elections have witnessed incidences of violence and discrimination against women, youth and PWDs. EMBs (NEC/ZEC), through the National Elections Act and the Local Government Elections Act, have a critical role to play during elections to ensure conflict free and peaceful elections. UN Women, through the DEP project, had supported the EMBs in revising the Electoral Code of Conduct, Election Observer’s Guidelines and Voter Education Guidelines to discourage use of discriminatory language against women and persons with disabilities along with several other measures. UN Women also worked with NEC through DEP in providing technical assistance to engendering the voter education manuals and observer guidelines to ensure recording and reporting of incidences of violence against women during elections (VAWE). The approach of partnering with EMBs during election period has shown potential as it can lead to a change in existing policies and should be continued in the second phase of the project, and it is recommended that this is scaled up in the next phase of the project.
Management Response: Continuous support has been provided to the Office of the Registrar of Political Parties (ORPP) in the implementation of the Gender Equality and Social Inclusion Strategy (GESIS), and law review. Negotiations have been undertaken with the National Electoral Commission to provide support for the development of a Gender Equality and Social Inclusion Strategy. Further support will be provided to the Zanzibar Electoral Commission for the implementation of the Gender Equality and Social Inclusion Policy, as soon as the political situation has been resolved and the engagement with ZEC is possible. All of these aspects have been integrated within the WLPP Phase 2 Project.
Description:
Management Response Category: Accepted
Thematic Area: Leadership and political participation (SPs before 2018)
Operating Principles: Capacity development, National ownership, Promoting inclusiveness/Leaving no one behind, Advocacy
Organizational Priorities: Partnership, Normative Support, Operational activities
UNEG Criteria: Sustainability, Human Rights, Relevance, Effectiveness, Gender equality
Key Actions
Responsible Deadline Status Comments
1. Continuous capacity strengthening of ORPP for the implementation of the GESIS. Support to NEC for the development and implementation of a GESIS Erasmina Massawe - Programme Specialist for Leadership, Political Participation and Governance Frida Nyberg Monitoring and Reporting Analyst- Leadership, Political Participation and Governance 2020/12 Completed The Political Parties (Amendment) Act, 2019 integrates provisions & principles that promote women’s leadership and political empowerment, i.e. gender equality youth and social inclusion principles, Article 6A (5) entails political parties to promote same principles in the; a) formulation and implementation of its policies, b) nomination of candidates for elections and c) election of its leaders. Moving towards the general elections in 2020, the Political Parties (Amendment) Act, 2019 and the Regulations, provide an opportunity for promoting adoption of gender responsive strategies and policies within political parties. Overall, this is This is a result of the long-term capacity building, gender strategy and policy revision for ORPP, already since the first phase of WW I.
Support to the Women's Manifesto for the Elections. CO Erasmina Massawe - Programme Specialist for Leadership, Political Participation and Governance Frida Nyberg Monitoring and Reporting Analyst- Leadership, Political Participation and Governance 2020/01 Completed In 2019, UN Women supported the development and launch of the Women’s Elections Manifesto. The Manifesto was developed, validated and disseminated to key stakeholders (Political parties, Aspirants, Police, PCCB, WROs, etc.). UN Women supported the participation of 250 women from grassroots CSOs and networks to the National Convening on the Women’s Election Manifesto which was launched in September 2019.
Support to NEC for the development and implementation of a GESIS CO Sara Negrao - Head of Leadership, Political Participation and Governance Erasmina Massawe - Programme Specialist for Leadership, Political Participation and Governance 2019/01 Ongoing In 2020, any direct engagement with Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs) and the Office of Registrar of Political Parties (ORPP) in Tanzania was postponed pending a formal request from the Tanzanian government to the UN for electoral support and a Needs Assessment Mission, including a gender component. This situation has denied the opportunity to support EMBs directly on the delivery of women’s rights and gender equality within implementation of their mandate including adoption of gender policy, strategies, and arrangements. UN Women however continued its technical and financial support to the Women’s Coalition on Constitution Review and Leadership under Women Fund Tanzania. UN Women supported key actors to participate in a Regional Policy Dialogue on Gender responsive electoral laws organized by the UN Women RO, contributing to learning and sharing of good practices to address challenges to create a more conducive legal and policy environment for women’s effective participation in elective office.
Recommendation: Training and capacity strengthening of women’s caucus It is highly recommended that training and capacity strengthening of the women’s caucus should be scaled up. UN Women supported the Women’s Caucuses across Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar on training and capacity strengthening of women parliamentarians. With the project support, 12 initiatives were organized by the Women’s Caucuses across Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar. The initiatives were aimed at increasing the awareness and sensitization of parliamentarians/ministries on legislations and policies toward gender mainstreaming and social inclusion. Supported by UN Women, the women’s caucus in Zanzibar has also tabled its first private motion on gender based violence in the House of Representatives for Zanzibar. Similarly, training and capacity strengthening is a key element of support as several women parliamentarians do not have previous legislative and policy experience. In the absence of continued training and capacity strengthening support, many women parliamentarians may find it difficult to engage in policy debates in the male dominated political landscape. Given the need for training and capacity strengthening activities, the phase 2 of Wanawake-Wanaweza project should continue engaging with the women’s caucuses to strengthen capacities on parliamentary procedures, gender responsive budgeting, policy advocacy, leadership and conflict management etc. In addition, the training can also focus on providing refresher training to women parliamentarians on their upcoming election campaigns, thus increasing their likelihood of getting re-elected.
Management Response: Recommendation is accepted.
Description:
Management Response Category: Accepted
Thematic Area: Leadership and political participation (SPs before 2018)
Operating Principles: Capacity development, Advocacy, Promoting inclusiveness/Leaving no one behind, National ownership
Organizational Priorities: Partnership, Normative Support, Engaging men and boys
UNEG Criteria: Effectiveness, Relevance, Sustainability, Impact
Key Actions
Responsible Deadline Status Comments
Upscaling of capacity strengthening support to the women’s caucuses Erasmina Massawe - Programme Specialist for Leadership, Political Participation and Governance Frida Nyberg Monitoring and Reporting Analyst- Leadership, Political Participation and Governance 2021/12 Ongoing Strengthening of capacities of women MPs has continued through the support to the development and implementation of a mentorship programme, support for the gender analysis of specific laws and support to put forward private motions. Leadership capacities of women MPs were strengthened in 2019 through training and mentorship to effectively assume their leadership roles including budgetary and legislative functions. This has enabled women and women parliamentary caucuses to continue to play a significant role so far in advocating for GEWE and increased gender mainstreaming in the core parliamentary functions – particularly in Bill Scrutiny. Support to strengthening women’s caucuses will be continued in 2020.
Recommendation: Community awareness to increase the support for women, youth and PWD candidates Community mobilization and support are one of the important deciding factors which can act as a strong barrier or enabler to the electoral participation of women, youth and PWD candidates. Implementing partners in the project rightly identified the importance of garnering support from the community and engaged in 2 ways to positively influence the perception of the community. First, implementing partners in the project directly engaged with grassroot leaders, CSOs, faith-based and religious leaders through the existing networks of its implementing partners. More than 10,000 community members were mobilized directly through sensitization workshops through implementing partners. The project supported 13 grassroots women’s rights organizations from both Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar to implement different interventions to promote women’s leadership and political empowerment. Awareness raising sessions and advocacy conducted by implementing partners in 8 regions in Tanzania Mainland and 4 regions in Zanzibar led to the adoption of 30 initiatives/Action Plans by the grassroots leaders, i.e. faith based and community leaders. In the second approach, the implementing partners in the project engaged with media houses such as newspapers, community radios and television networks to increase the coverage of gender and social inclusion issues. The second approach was aimed at increasing community’s perception about women, youth and PWD candidates as well as identify and report cases of discrimination and violence against this group. During the 2015 elections, 40 community radios (i.e. 36 community radios under COMNET and 4 community radios, i.e. Country FM, Furaha FM, Hope FM and Over Corners FM) increased coverage on issues that promoted women, youth and PWDs leadership and participation because of sensitization conducted by the implementing partners. In addition, 20 mainstream TVs/Radios actively promoted women, youth and PWDs leadership and participation. Both the approaches have been effective in reducing the barriers and bias against women, youth and PWD leaders. Continuing the engagement, it can be recommended that the strategy should be adapted in phase 2 of the project. The engagement with the community, which was done in 8 regions in Tanzania Mainland and 4 regions in Zanzibar, can be scaled up to cover more regions.
Management Response: Accepted
Description:
Management Response Category: Accepted
Thematic Area: Leadership and political participation (SPs before 2018)
Operating Principles: Capacity development, National ownership, Promoting inclusiveness/Leaving no one behind, Advocacy
Organizational Priorities: Partnership, Normative Support, Engaging men and boys
UNEG Criteria: Impact, Sustainability, Relevance, Effectiveness, Gender equality
Key Actions
Responsible Deadline Status Comments
Scale up interventions regarding community sensitization and engagement with media houses to cover gender and social inclusion issues. CO Sara Negrao - Head of Leadership, Political Participation and Governance Erasmina Massawe - Programme Specialist for Leadership, Political Participation and Governance 2020/12 Ongoing In 2019, UN Women scaled up interventions focused on community sensitization and media engagement to change social norms and increase positive portrayals of women in leadership. Broader community and civil society understanding around gender equality and women’s leadership and political participation has been strengthened in 21 districts in both Mainland Tanzania (10) and Zanzibar (11). UN Women supported the establishment of strong community level networks. In Zanzibar (Unguja and Pemba), a network of 20 the male change agents were trained on the role of women in leadership. They implemented their own action plans to change social norms; In Mainland Tanzania, 125 (65 women, 60 men) Wanawake Sasa champions trained and implemented various interventions at the grassroots levels towards promoting WLPP. Further, capacities of 255 key stakeholders including traditional, religious and community leaders, were strengthened. In total 6,500 grassroot actors including religious and traditional leaders, women’s CSO’s and networks, ‘bodaboda’ groups community groups sensitized on WLPP and now using their platforms to implement initiatives to change social norms in both Mainland and Zanzibar. Capacities of 139 media practitioners in Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar were strengthened on WLPP, gender and positive portrayals of women in leadership. The practitioners include journalists from various outlets including newspapers, radio and community radio. In total 70 media houses in Mainland and Zanzibar were supported, including radio, tv, social media, community-based radio). In Zanzibar, 315 publications were produced in 2019. UN Women supported 3 CSOs including WilDAF, TGNP and TAMWA Zanzibar in this endeavor. In 2020, interventions and initiatives have also been adapted to include community sensitization and awareness raising on the importance of women’s participation and leadership in COVID-19 as well as protection measures and the impact of COVID-19 for women and girls. A new partnership agreement has been developed to strengthening the work on media engagement in Mainland Tanzania.
Recommendation: Research and evidence building for effective advocacy One of the highlights of the project was the literature produced on political participation of women, youth and PWDs in the political landscape of Tanzania. The extensive research and evidence building through situation analysis, baseline assessments, need assessments etc., have resulted in a rich pool of knowledge products that can be effectively used for advocacy. Continuing the initiative of evidence building, phase 2 of Wanawake-Wanaweza should also continue supporting research initiatives on identifying new barriers and drivers for political participation among women, youth and PWD in the post-2015 and pre-2020 election scenario. Identification and assessment of similar interventions within and outside Tanzania can be one of the key areas of research that can enable cross-sectoral and cross-geographical learning. Identify and undertake research in key areas to inform advocacy and programming on women’s leadership.
Management Response: Accepted
Description:
Management Response Category: Accepted
Thematic Area: Leadership and political participation (SPs before 2018)
Operating Principles: Knowledge management, Advocacy
Organizational Priorities: Organizational efficiency
UNEG Criteria: Effectiveness, Sustainability, Human Rights, Gender equality
Key Actions
Responsible Deadline Status Comments
Identify and undertake research in key areas to inform advocacy and programming on women’s leadership. Erasmina Massawe - Programme Specialist for Leadership, Political Participation and Governance Frida Nyberg Monitoring and Reporting Analyst- Leadership, Political Participation and Governance 2020/12 Ongoing In 2019, towards implementation of comprehensive interventions to address violence against women in politics (VAWP), UN Women signed a Letter of Agreement (LoA) with the Department of Political Science (PSPA) University of Dar es Salaam together with the Institute of Gender Studies. Under this agreement UN Women has started the process of establishing an Information Laboratory on women’s leadership and political participation aimed at collecting, analysing, and disseminating data and raising awareness of key actors on VAWP. The laboratory will play a major role in providing guidance for women aspirants on VAWP. The laboratory will be launched in 2020.