|| UN Women (GMS team & overall organization) should develop a more robust Theory of Change that clarifies its current thinking on the linkages between normative (global policy advocacy) and operational work.
The evaluation found various examples of how UN Women and its partners are trying to link global policy commitments with practice (e.g., by assisting partners to translate commitments into action, and develop related national level indicators and monitoring systems). In Rwanda, for example, the programme?s work in connection with the optional Paris Declaration Survey Optional Gender Module included and brought together other development partners, including donors and other UN Agencies. Nevertheless, there is limited evidence of global policy commitments influencing the way and extent to which donor agencies integrate gender equality considerations into the planning, budgeting, and monitoring of their own programmes, or of their contributions to aid coordination systems at country level.
Overall, there is still a gap when it comes to capturing and making explicit UN Women?s (and others?) current thinking as regards the conceptual linkages between global normative and operational work, and the concrete steps and/or processes that are required (or assumed to be required) to link the two. Clarifying and summarizing its current thinking in this regard should also consider UN Women?s ongoing process of clarifying and further defining the organization?s overall mandate, in particular the linkages of its normative and operational work not only in GRB, but in all thematic areas.
||UN Women agrees with this recommendation in a general sense. To address this, the GNP team has developed a guidance note on gender responsive governance that outlines UN Women?s Theory of Change. Working within national governance frameworks and processes, UN Women supports national efforts to promote and enhance gender equality and women?s empowerment by contributing to the following aims:
1. National development strategies articulate practical and measurable priorities for the achievement of gender equality and women?s empowerment;
2. Public administration and systems have the capacity and resources to implement programmes and provide quality services that enhance gender equality and women?s empowerment;
3. Financing for gender equality is transparent, adequate and effective;
4. Gender equality advocates have voice and influence in shaping public policy and monitoring public sector institutions investment and performance towards outcomes related to gender equality and women?s empowerment (women?s organizations, national women?s machineries, and decision makers championing gender equality and women?s empowerment).
UN Women?s focus on this area comes as a response to its mandate of supporting member states to implement intergovernmental agreements and to support national efforts to enhance and promote gender equality and the empowerment of women, and as a response to the forthcoming recommendations of the Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review (QCPR) of UN operational activities. The QCPR process, which assesses the effectiveness and relevance of UN system at country level, provides an opportunity for UN Women to position gender responsive planning and budgeting as central to governance and development effectiveness
At country level, through its programmes (e.g. in the area of national planning and budgeting, aid effectiveness, decentralization and others), its technical expertise, its coordination role within the UNCTs, engagement in broader multi-stakeholder coordination mechanisms, and its strategic partnerships with key national partners, UN Women has the opportunity to demonstrate increased leadership at country level in line with its mandate. This role is further emphasized in the findings of the quadrennial comprehensive policy review (QCPR) and can be pursued through the avenues explained below. Teams working on this area need to work in close collaboration with their peers focusing on women?s economic empowerment, violence against women, HIV/AIDS as well as UN programmes in other sectors. Similarly, programmes with thematic focus in those areas will not be effective if sufficient attention is not paid to the governance and national planning dimensions including the content of policies, the capacity of the public administration institutions and the adequate financing for supporting programmes to achieve progress on outcomes related to gender equality and women?s empowerment
In the context of this programme, UN Women disagrees that there was a lack of robust thinking on the links between the normative (global policy advocacy) and the operational work. The GNP team developed a corporate strategy ? ?Delivering on Commitments towards Gender Equality and Women?s Rights? - for engagement in the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF-4) that aimed to draw on country experiences of GRB to inform the global policy discussions on aid effectiveness. The key elements of the strategy included:
1. Supporting effective participation through mobilizing national partners and gender equality advocates in global, regional and national meetings;
2. Building strategic partnership with key actors including the WP-EFF, the UNDG Task Team on Aid effectiveness, Korea as host government, donors including EU, Spain and OECD-DAC Gendernet, women organizations who are members of the Betteraid coordinating group, and partner countries
3. Compiling evidence on key challenges and good practices for integrating a gender perspective in aid management and national planning and budgeting.
The strategy ensured that evidence from county programming - through activities such as (1) support to the completion of the optional Gender Equality Module of the PD Monitoring Survey; (2) submission of evidence from countries to the Progress Since Paris Report and (3) support to women?s organizations) informed global advocacy messaging thus strengthening links between normative and operational work.
A key result of the HLF4 was strong language on gender equality and gender responsive budgeting in particular. A global indicator on gender equality was included in the post Busan monitoring framework that will measure the number of countries with a system in place to track and make public allocations for gender equality and women?s empowerment. The purpose of this indicator is to offer a measure of progress in the implementation of the Busan commitment. The focus on efforts and behaviour is distinct from other existing efforts to monitor gender equality and women?s empowerment at the outcome level (e.g. through the MDG framework and other frameworks). UN Women will lead field testing of this indicator in 9 countries in February-March 2013. Data from UN Women annual reports for 2013 will provide the baseline for the indicator.
The F4GE programme ensures linkage with intergovernmental processes within the UN including by reporting on country programme results and policy recommendations at the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW), the Development Cooperation Forum and so on.